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Title: Comparison of Emergency State Regulation Experiences in Latvia, France and Belgium
Authors: Bērziņa, Ieva
Jeancourt-Galignani, Coline
Smiltene County Council, Smiltene Municipality, Latvia
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France
Keywords: Socrates 2021, 2 (20);Belgium;Covid-19;emergency state;France;Latvia;restrictions on human rights
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Rīga Stradiņš University
Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte
Citation: Bērziņa, I., Jeancourt-Galignani, C. (2021). Comparison of Emergency State Regulation Experiences in Latvia, France and Belgium. Socrates. 2(20). 40–57.
Series/Report no.: Socrates 2021, 2 (20)
Abstract: The article analyses the legal framework of emergency state in three countries – Latvia, France and Belgium. The aim of the study is to identify problems thus to improve the national legal framework. Given that the concept of emergency state has gained its relevance in 2020 with the spread of the Covid-19 disease, it has been found that the Emergency State Institute and its legal framework is an important part of every country’s national legal system, as it is a mechanism that helps to strengthen national security in case of external and internal dangers. Analysis of the legal framework of emergency state in Latvia in the context of the selected legal framework of two other countries is an effective way to assess whether the national legal framework requires improvements. In the research such methods were used as cognition, monographic, historical, comparative and analytical method, as well as interpretation of legal provisions recognized in scientific law, which contributed to understanding of the scope of legal norms in national constitutions and other related legislation in the context of the topic. In the result of the study differences in national basic laws and special laws were mainly identified, including the aspect of restriction of human rights, thus contributing to reflection and drawing conclusions on the necessary changes to the national framework. Research also outlines functioning and competence of municipality work in an emergency state.
ISSN: 2256-0548
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Appears in Collections:Socrates. 2021, 2 (20)

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