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Title: Use of waist to hip ratio in the determination of the body composition in preschool children in Latvian population
Authors: Skruze, Gundega
Kažoka, Dzintra
Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
Keywords: Body composition;body mass index;nutrition;waist to hip ratio;3.1 Basic medicine;1.1. Scientific article indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus database
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2017
Citation: Skruze , G & Kažoka , D 2017 , ' Use of waist to hip ratio in the determination of the body composition in preschool children in Latvian population ' , Papers on Anthropology , vol. 26 , no. 2 , pp. 126-135 .
Abstract: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2008, the waist to hip ratio (WHR) has been suggested superior to the body mass index (BMI) in predicting the cardiovascular disease risk in adults and adolescents. There have been studies about the WHR in preschool children in the populations of Pakistan, Chile and Mexico; and it is not the WHO which recommended it as a routine method in preschool children.The present study includes 85 children (41 girls and 44 boys), aged 5 to 7 years, without any chronic conditions. Body height, body weight, waist cir-cumference, hip circumference, triceps skinfold, abdominal skinfold and subscapular skinfold were measured. The WHR, the BMI, the sum of three skinfolds and the percentage of body fat (%BF) were calculated.It was found that the WHR decreased with age in girls; there were no spe-cific changes found in the WHR with age in boys. The present study found no correlation in boys or girls between the WHR and the BMI; the WHR and the sum of three skinfolds; the WHR and the percentage of BF. There was also no correlation between the Z-scores of the BMI and Z-scores of the WHR.Conclusions. The WHR is a questionable body composition marker in preschool children in the Latvian population and must be evaluated separately from other body composition markers.
ISSN: 1736-7646
Appears in Collections:Research outputs from Pure / Zinātniskās darbības rezultāti no ZDIS Pure

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