Title: Proportion of the CD19-Positive and CD19-Negative Lymphocytes and Monocytes within the Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell Set Is Characteristic for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Authors: Kholodnyuk, Irina
Kadisa, Anda
Svirskis, Simons
Gravelsina, Sabine
Studers, Peteris
Spaka, Irina
Sultanova, Alina
Lejniece, Sandra
Lejnieks, Aivars
Murovska, Modra
Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis;osteoarthritis;B lymphocytes;T lymphocytes;monocytes;CCR1;CCR2
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Background and objectives: Composition of the peripheral blood (PB) cell populations and their activation state reflect the immune status of a patient. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by abnormal B- and T-cell functions. The objective of this study was to assess the profiles of the PB mononuclear cell (PBMC) populations in patients with rheumatoid and osteoarthritis (OA) in comparison with healthy control (HC) subjects in order to evaluate the PBMC profiles as a potential diagnostic characteristic in RA. The second aim was to assess the CCR1 and CCR2 expression on PB lymphocytes and correlate it with the plasma levels of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), IL-17F, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10. Materials and Methods: The frequency and phenotype, including CCR1 and CCR2, of the PBMC populations (monocytes, CD19+B cells, and T/NK lymphocytes) in RA (n = 15) and OA (n = 10) patients and HC (n = 12) were analyzed by five-color flow cytometry. DNA of the viruses, HHV-6, HHV-7, and B19, in the whole blood and cell-free plasma, were assessed by nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: Active persistent or acute infections, caused by HHV-6, HHV-7, or B19, were not detected in patients of this study. Both CCR1 and CCR2 were determined on the PB B and T/NK lymphocytes in several RA and OA patients and HCs. However, in patients, the frequency of the CCR1-positive T/NK lymphocytes showed a weak negative correlation with the IL-10 level, while the frequency of the CCR2-positive B cells correlated positively with the level of IL-6. Statistically significant differences in the proportions of the CD19-positive and CD19-negative lymphocyte and monocyte subsets within the PBMC set were determined between RA and OA patients and HC adults. Conclusions: We have shown in our pilot study with rather small cohorts of patients that the PBMC-population profiles were very consistent, and statistically significantly differed between RA and OA patients and HC subjects.
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